Original Research

An Empirical Assessment of Dropout Rate of Learners at Selected High Schools in King William’s Town, South Africa

Wendy Manona
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 3, No 4 | a102 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v3i4.102 | © 2015 Wendy Manona | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 November 2016 | Published: 01 December 2015

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This study investigated and analysed factors responsible for high dropout rate of learners at selected high schools in King William’s Town District, Province of the Eastern Cape. The aim of the study is provide an understanding into inherent problems of early exit of learners in the education sector, which impede the long-term production of professionals with bright future. The main findings of this study revealed that multiple motives, associated with individual characteristics of dropouts and social problems emanating from their family background and influence of the community, prompted learners to dropout. Moreover, learner dropout is inter alia caused by social factors such as lack of resources, the effect of poverty, orphans at school, the distance between the school and the community, drug abuse, pregnancy and HIV and AIDS prevalence in schools, gangsterism and learning barriers. The results of this research suggest that the government should make resources available with regard to scholar transport, school nurses to provide education awareness programmes in relation to early pregnancies, HIV and AIDS infection to improve attendance rate. The Department of Social Development should provide information with regard to benefits available to orphaned learners. The government should ensure sustainable provision of the school nutrition programme to alleviate hunger and poverty. School management should effectively regulate the behaviour of learners to promote discipline in schools so that substance abuse is eliminated.


Learners; Dropout; High School; Poverty; Drug Abuse; Alcohol; Teenage Pregnancy; Sexual Abuse; Crime; Gangsterism


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