Original Research

The implementation of gender equality within the South African Public Service (1994–2019)

Ayola Bangani, Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 8, No 1 | a353 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v8i1.353 | © 2020 Ayola Bangani, Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 October 2019 | Published: 30 March 2020

About the author(s)

Ayola Bangani, School of Public Management, Governance and Public Policy, College of Business and Management, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad, School of Public Management, Governance and Public Policy, College of Business and Management, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa

Abstract

Background: There are various factors that affect the effective implementation of gender equality in South Africa. Some of the factors include digital divide, economic empowerment, gender relations, gender-based violence, poverty, women’s access to political power, and women’s mobility in the workplace.

Aim: The feminist movements resulted in the notion of transformation that demands that gender-based aspects need integration in all government policies, programmes and projects. This approach is called the gender mainstreaming approach (GMA). This article within the theoretical framework of GMA examines the factors that hamper the implementation of the gender equality (focus) within the South African Public Service (locus).

Setting: The research is descriptive in nature that played an important role in developing an in-depth account of gender inequalities in the public service.

Methods: A qualitative, descriptive research method was employed. This article, which is theoretical in nature, drew its arguments from secondary data, which included books, journal articles, newspaper clippings, Internet sources and official documents.

Results: The article argues that the consideration of women in lower management levels affects their career in the long term as the succession from entry-level positions to higher management positions requires a considerable time frame and is often delayed.

Conclusion: The article recommends that all South African Public Service departments need to submit a gender mainstreaming report annually to the Department of Public Service and Administration for assessment to identify gaps in the implementation of gender equality within the public service.


Keywords

gender; gender mainstreaming; gender mainstreaming approach; gender equality; South African Public Service.

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