Original Research

Implementing the Green City Policy in Municipal Spatial Planning: The Case of Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality

Abongile Dlani, E. O.C. Ijeoma, Leocadia Zhou
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 3, No 2 | a84 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v3i2.84 | © 2015 Abongile Dlani, E. O.C. Ijeoma, Leocadia Zhou | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 November 2016 | Published: 01 June 2015

About the author(s)

Abongile Dlani, University of Fort Hare, South Africa
E. O.C. Ijeoma, University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Leocadia Zhou, University of Fort Hare, South Africa

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The term “eco-city,” and similar concepts such as “green” and “sustainable” cities, has evolved overtime concurrent to the development of the understanding of social change and mankind’s impact on environmental and economic health. With the advent of climate change impacts, modern economies developed the green city policy to create sustainable urban development, low emission, and environmentally friendly cities. In South Africa municipalities, including Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality (BCMM) have been tasked to and implement the green city policy. However, BCMM is yet to develop the green city policy that clearly articulate how the municipality will combat climate change and reduce its Green House Gases (GHG) emissions in its spatial planning designs. Against this background, this article reviews and analyses green policy landscape in Metropolitan Municipalities. It is envisaged that the research will provide the basis for the development of a comprehensive green policy strategies and programmes for the local transition to action in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality, in the Eastern Cape Province.


Eco-city; Green-city; Green House Gases; Climate change; Buffalo City


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