Original Research

Causes of informal settlements in Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality: An exploration

Noah K. Marutlulle
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 5, No 1 | a131 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v5i1.131 | © 2017 Noah K. Marutlulle | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 January 2017 | Published: 15 August 2017

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Noah K. Marutlulle, Faculty of Public Administration, University of Fort Hare, South Africa

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This article aims to explore the causes of informal settlements in Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (EMM). The article strongly challenges the view that the cause of informal settlements in EMM and other parts of South Africa is predominantly the apartheid government and agrees with literature which provides evidence that to a larger extent, the present government, not the apartheid government, is one of the dominant causes of informal settlements. The article further establishes a common and fertile ground for the convergence of the different views and perspectives into variables which, in addition to the present government, include population growth, government economic policies, economic variables, housing shortage, unavailability of land and unaffordability as the real causes of informal settlements in EMM.


Informal settlements; slums; shacks; squatter camps


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