Original Research

Factors limiting the gains of MDGs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: KEY DETERMINANT AND PITFALLS FOR FRAGILE STATES

Emeka A. Ndaguba, Anthony Okarah, Chijioke Hope Ukanwah, Godwin Nebo, Solomon U. Ndaguba
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 4, No 4 | a146 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v4i4.146 | © 2016 Emeka A. Ndaguba, Anthony Okarah, Chijioke Hope Ukanwah, Godwin Nebo, Solomon U. Ndaguba | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 January 2017 | Published: 01 December 2016

About the author(s)

Emeka A. Ndaguba, University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Anthony Okarah, University of Nigeria, Nigeria
Chijioke Hope Ukanwah, University of Nigeria, Nigeria
Godwin Nebo, University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Solomon U. Ndaguba, Fareast Mercantile Co. Ltd, Nigeria

Full Text:

PDF (327KB)


The Human Development Index in 2013 ranked Democratic Republic of the Congo 186th out of 187 in the United Nations Development Programme. The categorization came as a result of the deteriorating conflict that pushed the country towards a failed state realm. According to the 2015 Fragility Index of thePeaceFund, Democratic Republic of the Congo was among the nations ranked on the high alert (highly vulnerable andvolatile),  consequently to as a result of non-provision of basic services. In addition to the deteriorating growth and development trajectory, infrastructural and systems failures have unabatedly limited service provision, resulting in inadequacies in humanitarian interventions. The study aims to evaluate the gains of MDGs in Democratic Republic of the Congo, taking into cognizance key deliverables, pitfalls, and prospects for development in fragile states. The study uses thematic reviews cushioned with elements of quantitative approach in providing answers to the study. On surface value, the study shows that 72% of rural households live in abject poverty. Additionally, more than 40% of children in rural areas suffer from chronic malnutrition, hunger and squalor. The study contends that without sustainable public institutions, systems and structure in the administration of services, DRC could likely remain in unending retrogression.


MDG; Human Right; UNDP; Hunger; Poverty; DR Congo; Public Institution; and Fragility


Total abstract views: 3014
Total article views: 1236


Crossref Citations

1. The peril of international development in local context and the misfit of poverty analysis in Africa
E. A. Ndaguba, Barry Hanyane, Robert Read
Cogent Social Sciences  vol: 4  issue: 1  first page: 1550908  year: 2018  
doi: 10.1080/23311886.2018.1550908