Original Research

Enhancing public project implementation in Botswana during the NDP 11 period

Emmanuel Botlhale
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 5, No 1 | a163 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v5i1.163 | © 2017 Emmanuel Botlhale | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 April 2017 | Published: 11 August 2017

About the author(s)

Emmanuel Botlhale, Department of Political and Administrative Studies, University of Botswana, Botswana

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Successful project implementation is critical in development planning. If there is poor project implementation, economic development will be stalled. Generally, public project implementation has a chequered history. This is particularly true in developing countries which are characterised by low levels of project management maturity. The objective of this article is to review public project implementation in Botswana and recommend improvements for the National Development Plan (NDP) 11 period (2017/2018-2022/2023). The article used the survey strategy and adopted the descriptive approach. Data collection sources were mixed, that is, primary and secondary sources. It concluded that public projects are either poorly implemented (i.e. not implemented in accordance with the ‘Project Management Triple Constraint’ of cost, time and scope) or not implemented at all. Given a constrained revenue envelope post 2008, there is a need for improved project implementation. Amongst others, this calls for professional public project implementation so that NDPs become a reality.


Resource Scarcity; Development Planning; National Development Plans (NDPs); Project Implementation; Botswana


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