Original Research

Effective Communication as Catalyst of Developmental Local Government and Rural Development amid Threats of Overpopulation

Naledzani Rasila, John Mudau
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 1, No 2 | a29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v1i2.29 | © 2012 Naledzani Rasila, John Mudau | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 November 2016 | Published: 01 September 2012

About the author(s)

Naledzani Rasila, University of Venda, South Africa
John Mudau, University of Venda, South Africa

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South Africa’s population has risen from 40.5 million in 1996  to 44.8 million in 2001 and to 51.77 in 2011. Africans are in majority making 79.2% of the whole population. About 22.3% of blacks have received no schooling with the unemployment rate of the blacks at 28.1%. Most of these unemployed and uneducated blacks are found in rural areas. This compelled government to introduce Developmental Local government. Developmental Local government refers to the layer of public service that has the capacity to deliver and account to the people in a responsive, accountable, and efficient manner. It is also described as a sphere that encourages community participation in matters of governance and developmental initiatives. However, Developmental Local government is hindered by continuous growth of population which is likely to lead to overpopulation. Overpopulation is characterised by lack of basic resources such as water and  food. Developmental Local government on the other hand is expected to deliver on these needs. Lack of fulfilment of goals of Developmental Local government is attributed to lack of effective communication between local government and community members. Although population growth is not attributed only to high birth rate, governments around the continent have introduced measures to encourage healthy reproductive life. However, this needs community members that are self-motivated to be active participants in government initiatives. This is not achievable as there is an indication of lack of effective communication. This paper’s main focus is the provision of effective communication model at local sphere which will see community members working together with government on matters of their own development including initiatives  to preserve limited resources amid the challenges of overpopulation. This paper is based on the qualitative study on effectiveness of communication in Mutale local municipality on the enhancement of Developmental Local government and rural development. The study indicated weaknesses and suggests for the development of new model of communication.


Effective Communication; Local Government; Rural Development; Overpopulation; Service Delivery; South Africa


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