Original Research

A critical analysis of housing inadequacy in South Africa and its ramifications

Noah K. Marutlulle
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 9, No 1 | a372 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v9i1.372 | © 2021 Noah K. Marutlulle | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 05 December 2019 | Published: 24 March 2021

About the author(s)

Noah K. Marutlulle, School of Governance & Public Administration, Faculty of Management & Commerce, University of Fort Hare, East London, South Africa

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Background: This article critically analyses housing inadequacy in South Africa and its ramifications.

Aim: The study is exploratory in nature and used the qualitative methodology.

Setting: Key findings suggest that protests, informal settlements, health challenges, shack fires, flooding, violence and criminality, corruption and xenophobic attacks are the ramifications of housing inadequacy in South Africa.

Method: This study used relevant review of literature, document and policy review, and a qualitative inquiry of secondary sources with regards to housing inadequacy in South Africa and its ramifications to answer the research questions.

Results: Through the Housing Development Agency, the government needs to engage the private sector, state-owned enterprises, provinces and municipalities to unlock strategic parcels of land suitable for human settlements development, which provision, especially for low-income groups should be at subsidised rates.

Conclusion: The country needs an efficient, formidable and incorruptible department that is able to perform the huge task of spatial integration.


housing; housing inadequacy; informal settlements; migration; population; ramifications, urban.


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