Original Research

China’s adherence to corporate social responsibility in Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo: A comparative analysis

Makhura B. Rapanyane
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 11, No 1 | a672 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v11i1.672 | © 2023 Makhura B. Rapanyane | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 August 2022 | Published: 31 July 2023

About the author(s)

Makhura B. Rapanyane, Department of Political Studies and International Relations, Faculty of Humanities, North-West University, Mahikeng, South Africa


Background: China’s international relations with Africa have recently received much attention from the community of international relations scholars and practitioners. Even though such a scholarly conversation has become a hot topic, little attention has been paid to the Chinese multinational corporations’ (MNCs) adherence to and practice of corporate social responsibilities in African countries like Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Aim: This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of China’s corporate social responsibility (CSR) engagements in both Angola and DRC.

Setting: Based on historical sensibility, this research article uses Zambia’s political and economic fertile grounds to revisit what drives the Chinese engagement in Zambia within a historical context.

Methods: Methodologically, this research article has deployed the use of document review to assemble the data used.

Results: This article has discovered that China has not been adhering to the international norms and expectations of CSR in both countries.

Conclusion: China’s international relations with Africa, Angola and the DRC in context do not at all serve the interests of Africans but those of China.

Contribution: This article has contributed in terms of bringing an awareness among Africans about the conduct of China and her multinational corporations in the continent. This will then deepen the current scholarly conversation on an urgent need for policy transformation in Angola and the DRC when it comes to matters of CSR.


corporate social responsibility; Angola; Democratic Republic of Congo; China; adherence; practice

JEL Codes

F21: International Investment • Long-Term Capital Movements; F23: Multinational Firms • International Business

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 15: Life on land


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