Original Research

Significance of funding the Nigerian anti-corruption agencies: Lessons from Singapore and Hong Kong

Ayodeji Awopeju, Seye Olowu, Ilesanmi Jegede
Africa’s Public Service Delivery & Performance Review | Vol 6, No 1 | a233 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/apsdpr.v6i1.233 | © 2018 Awopeju O. Ayodeji, Seye Olowu, Ilesanmi Jegede | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 June 2018 | Published: 03 December 2018

About the author(s)

Ayodeji Awopeju, Department of Political Science, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Nigeria
Seye Olowu, Business School, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa; and Department of Entrepreneur, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Nigeria
Ilesanmi Jegede, Department of Economics, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Nigeria


Background: The effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Agencies (ACAs) depends on adequate funding. Literature has shown that successful ACAs all over the world are well funded, as well as enjoyed political will of their home governments.

Aim: The article examined the funding of the Nigerian anti-corruption agencies in relation to anti-corruption agencies in Hong Kong and Singapore.

Settings: The article is structured into eight sections namely the introduction, methodology, conceptual clarification, theoretical framework, funding patterns of anti-corruption agencies in Nigeria, Singapore’s and Hong Kong agencies’ effectiveness in combating corruption, lessons from Singapore and Hong Kong as a basis for effective anti-corruption fighting in Nigeria and conclusion.

Methods: The article adopted the qualitative and quantitative methods. Data were collected from the primary and secondary sources. Two in-depth interview (IDI) sessions were held with officials of the agencies while documental analysis complemented the primary data in the study.

Result: The study found that Nigeria’s anti-corruption agencies are not adequately funded; and recommends that a significant percentage of the national budget should be earmarked for the ACAs. And, the successive should show the political will and commitment to fund ACAs.

Conclusion: It is an actuality that funding of the two ACAs in Nigeria has not been backed by a strong political will. However, the potentiality of the ACAs is still in its infancy. So far their performance has been insignificant and ineffective in combating corruption in Nigeria.


funding; Anti-Corruption Agencies; budgets; Nigerian government


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Crossref Citations

1. Approaches for curbing corruption in emerging economies
Sihle Lloyd Ndlovu, Emmanuel Mutambara
Corporate Governance and Organizational Behavior Review  vol: 6  issue: 4, special issue  first page: 253  year: 2022  
doi: 10.22495/cgobrv6i4sip6